Look at this sentence:
Cell phone use while driving is an impediment, or obstacle, to safe driving.
Using the example sentence above, the following steps will help you define unfamiliar words using definition/restatements context clues.
- Find a word or phrase that restates the unfamiliar word.
Check for signal words or for commas or dashes that set off the definition or restatement from the unfamiliar word.
Example: The word obstacle is set off from the rest of the sentence with commas; the clue word or also signals a restatement.
- Try replacing the unfamiliar word with the definition or restatement to see if the sentence still makes sense.
Example: Cell phone use while driving is an obstacle to safe driving.
- If the definition or restatement makes sense, write your best guess about the meaning of the unfamiliar word.
Example: The meaning of impediment must be similar to obstacle - a hinderance or obstruction.